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The lumbar vertebra is part of the human vertebral column. It consists of 5 individual bones interracial, the lumbar vertebrae Vertebrae lumbaleswhich are given consecutive numbers from the cranial dena the caudal direction as LV1 - LV5. The lumbar vertebra is the lowest section of the vertebral column between the thoracic vertebra and the sacrum Os sacrum. The vertebral bodies of the lumbar vertebrae have a common basic shape.
In contrast to interracial vertebrae of the other sections of the column, they are characterized dena their particular size and their bean-like basic shape.
The sagittal diameter of the lumbar vertebral body is smaller than the transverse. From here, the vertebral processes Processus vertebrae are annexed laterally and weiner. In the area of the lumbar vertebra, the spinous processes are covered by the back muscles weiner, and you can palpate them in the deepening between the muscle curvatures. The vertebral dena Foramen vertebrale interracial surrounded by the vertebral body as well as the vertebral arch, and it forms the space for the spinal cord Medulla spinalis with its integuments, vessels, and nerves.
In the spinal canal weiner the lumbar vertebra, you cannot find any spinal cord from the first or second vertebra onward, but the Cauda equina. The array of the individual vertebral foramens as weiner whole forms the spinal dena Wet tight pussy interracial vertebralis. Here, the intervertebral foramen Foramen interverebrale remains open between two vertebrae for the passage of the respective spinal nerves.